Growing Peppers Indoors – Guidelines & Tips
Growing peppers indoors can produce rewards far beyond what most people expect. Indoor peppers have the potential to provide a constant supply of fresh, organic produce year round and make a great ornamental addition to any home. With simple guidelines and tips in mind, you can learn how to successfully grow peppers indoors and enjoy them year round.
Location & Temperature
Peppers thrive best in conditions with plenty of sun and room to grow. South-facing windows or artificial lighting make great choices for providing the necessary level of artificial sunlight for the pepper plants. For optimal growth, the temperature should be kept between 65–80°F (18–26°C).
When selecting a container for growing peppers, make sure it is large enough to support the plant and has several drainage holes. Use an appropriate soil mix, and fertilize plants monthly or as needed.
Water and Humidity
For successful pepper growth, the soil should be kept consistently moist. This does not mean waterlogged–it’s important to pay attention to the soil and make sure it doesn’t dry out too much. Try using a spritzer bottle to mist the leaves a few times a week to help raise the humidity levels around the peppers.
Most pepper plants will not require intervention for pollination, but in some cases, pollination can be boosted with gentle shaking of the blooms and leaves. Monitor the growth of the plant and take note of the stages its blooms are in throughout the growing season.
Peppers, like any other plant, are vulnerable to attack from pests like aphids and spider mites. To deal with any infestations, use a chemical-free, non-toxic insecticide. Keep a close eye on plants throughout the growing season and take quick action if any pests are spotted.
When the peppers are ready to be harvested, harvest them on a regular basis, pick them at the right times and store them properly. Fully-developed peppers will be firm with smooth skin and vibrant color. Peppers left longer on the plant will become even more flavorful.
Growing peppers indoors is a great way to enjoy fresh, organic produce all year long. By following the right guidelines and tips, you can successfully grow and harvest peppers, and enjoy them for months to come. And with the right care, your pepper plants can become an ornamental addition to your home.