Growing Peppers Indoors – Guidelines & Tips
Growing peppers indoors can be a rewarding and cost-effective way to fill your kitchen with fresh produce all year round. Below, we will provide guidelines and tips on everything you need to consider to successfully grow peppers inside your home.
Choosing the Variety
The first step in growing peppers indoors is choosing the right variety. Sweet peppers in general tend to be easier to grow indoors than hot peppers, and many can grow in relatively small, indoor spaces. The two main groups of sweet peppers are bell peppers and paprika peppers. Bell peppers come in a wide variety of colors and sizes, while paprika peppers can range from sweet to hot.
Temperature, Light, and Water
Temperature, light, and water are three of the most essential elements for growing peppers indoors. Ideal temperature range for pepper plants is between 70 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit. Indoor peppers may require supplemental light if the natural light available in your home is not sufficient. As long as the soil is kept moist, peppers should be watered regularly. Watering from the bottom is preferable, as this helps to prevent pests.
Containers & Potting Mix
Your pepper plants should be planted in containers with adequate drainage holes. Choose containers that are at least 12 inches in diameter and 12 inches deep. Fill the containers with a well-draining potting mix, such as a mix of compost and potting soil or a commercial potting mix.
Fertilize the peppers every two weeks with an organic fertilizer that is high in nitrogen and potassium. Avoid over-fertilizing as this can cause the peppers to be bitter.
Pruning & Harvesting
Peppers grown indoors should be pruned regularly to ensure that the plants do not become top heavy. Pepper plants should also be regularly rotated to ensure that all the fruits receive adequate light exposure. When harvesting the peppers, make sure to pick them when they are fully developed and ripe.
By following the guidelines and tips outlined above, growing peppers indoors can be a rewarding and cost-effective way to get your daily dose of fresh peppers. With a bit of time and effort, you can enjoy homegrown peppers all year round.