Growing Peppers Indoors – Guidelines & Tips

Growing Peppers Indoors – Guidelines & Tips

Growing Peppers Indoors – Guidelines & Tips

Growing peppers indoors can be a rewarding and fun experience. Not only can you experiment with various varieties, but you can also enjoy the delicious taste of nearly all types of peppers during the winter months. Before you get started on your pepper-growing journey, there are a few guidelines and tips you’ll want to keep in mind.

Selecting Your Containers

Peppers require ample drainage, so containers with drainage holes are key. The general rule is the bigger the better—larger containers allow the soil to remain warm and retain moisture. Make sure your containers are at least 12 inches deep for larger varieties; 6-8 inches is generally sufficient for the smaller types. If possible, choose an unglazed clay pot, since they are porous and allow water to evaporate. Plastic and ceramic pots can also work well.

Preparing the Soil

Use a soil mix especially formulated for peppers, and make sure it’s well aerated. To maximize drainage in the pot, add a layer of coarse potting mix, then fill the pot with a potting soil mix containing fertilizer. For large containers, you may add up to 10 percent perlite or vermiculite for additional drainage.

Planting Peppers

To ensure you have healthy plants, make sure to soak the seeds overnight in room-temperature water before sowing them. Plant the seeds inch- deep in the soil, spacing them about 3 inches apart. Water the seeds gently and cover the pots with plastic wrap. Keep them in a warm location and check daily for signs of germination. Once your peppers emerge, remove the plastic wrap and place them in a sunny, south-facing window.

Caring for Peppers

Keep your peppers evenly watered and fertilize them weekly with a liquid fertilizer. Water the soil thoroughly once a week, but make sure to not over-water. If you’re growing sweet peppers, you may want to encourage them to flower by removing some of their new shoots.

Harvesting Peppers

Peppers take around two months to mature, and you can start harvesting them when they reach their full size and color. Cut the peppers from the stem with a sharp knife or kitchen shears. You may also trim them off with your fingertips. If you’d like to ripen any immature peppers, place them on a sunny windowsill.


Growing peppers indoors is a great way to enjoy their delicious taste year-round. All you need is some patience, a few supplies, and of course, the right guidance. Follow the guidelines and tips above and your peppers will be plentiful and healthy in no time!

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