Growing Peppers Indoors – Guidelines & Tips

Growing Peppers Indoors – Guidelines & Tips

Growing Peppers Indoors – Guidelines & Tips

Over the years, peppers have become a staple for gardeners and home cooks alike. Whether you enjoy the heat of a jalapeno, the sweetness of a bell pepper, or the unique flavor of a cayenne pepper, growing your own peppers indoors allows you to have a hand in cultivating your own supply. Below are some general guidelines and tips for growing peppers indoors.

Types of Peppers to Grow

The two main types of peppers you can grow indoors are bell peppers and hot peppers. Bell peppers have a mild, sweet flavor, while hot peppers range from mild to very spicy. Your choice of a pepper variety depends on your preference. Make sure to choose a variety that is appropriate for your growing conditions (for example, not too much heat or direct sun) and read the seed packet or plant tag to determine the peppers’ maturity date.

Light and Temperature Requirements

Peppers require 6–8 hours of light each day to produce healthy branches and produce. If your pepper plants don’t get the adequate light, they might not produce peppers or their yield might be poor. Optimal daytime temperatures for growing peppers indoors are between 70°F and 80°F. During nights, temperatures should stay between 60°F and 65°F.

Soil and Fertilizers

The best soil for growing peppers indoors is well-draining, loamy soil with a neutral pH. Avoid soils with too much clay as they can be susceptible to root rot and other fungal diseases. Make sure to fertilize your peppers regularly with a balanced fertilizer, such as a 10-10-10 or similar. Depending on the soil, you might need to add additional nutrients or amendments such as calcium, phosphorus, or magnesium.


Water your peppers regularly but not too much. Overwatering can cause the peppers to be overly wet and the soil to become soggy, leading to nutrient deficiency issues. Make sure to check the soil prior to each watering to check for moisture and adjust your watering accordingly. A general rule of thumb is to wait until the top inch of soil has dried out before watering again.

Harvesting and Storing

Harvest peppers when they have reached their desired size or color, depending on the pepper variety you are growing. Be sure to use clean, sharp scissors to harvest the peppers. Store the peppers in an airtight container in the refrigerator. This will help them stay fresh for up to two weeks. If you plan on storing the peppers for longer, it’s best to blanch them and freeze them for later use.


Growing peppers indoors can be a rewarding experience that allows you to enjoy your homegrown peppers. By following these general guidelines and tips, you can be successful in your indoor pepper-growing endeavor. So, gather up your supplies, plant your peppers, and enjoy the rewards of your delicious, homegrown peppers!

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