Growing Peppers Indoors – Guidelines & Tips
Are you interested in growing peppers indoors? It’s totally possible with the right guidance and tips! Growing peppers indoors requires a few special considerations, such as the right kind of soil, proper drainage, and optimal lighting and temperature. Following these guidelines will ensure you bring a bounty of peppers indoors each season.
Determining Your Cultivar
Before you plant, make sure to select the right type of pepper for indoors. Choose small-fruited varieties like the ancho/ancho chile, bhut jolokia, or jalapeno peppers. These will do best in a container. Look for disease-resistant varieties, as well, to avoid any pests or fungal issues.
Selecting The Right Container & Soil
Choose a container that’s at least 12 inches deep and has good drainage. For soil, choose a high-quality potting mix made specifically for peppers. This will help to ensure the soil remains moist but not soggy as the peppers mature. Avoid using regular garden soil, as this will likely contain too many organic matter components that won’t drain well indoors.
Position & Light
In order for peppers to grow and produce fruit, they need to receive at least 8-12 hours of direct sunlight each day. If that’s not possible, you can install a fluorescent grow light and keep it on for 14-16 hours each day. Make sure to keep the lights at least 12 inches above the pepper plants for optimal growth.
Temperature & Water
The ideal temperature for growing peppers indoors is between 60-85 degrees Fahrenheit. To prevent the soil from drying out, water regularly. Allow the top inch or two of soil to dry out completely before watering, and don’t keep the soil soggy. Temperatures over 85 degrees can cause the plants to get stressed, and lower than that might cause the plants to wilt.
Harvesting & Storing
You’ll know it’s time to harvest when your peppers change color from green to red. Most peppers can stay on the plants for weeks before harvesting. When you’re ready, cut them off carefully at the stem. You can store the peppers in the refrigerator in plastic bags for up to two weeks.
Growing peppers indoors is a great way to enjoy local, flavorful produce even during cold winter months. With a bit of planning, the right soil, and some TLC, you’ll be able to reap a delicious pepper bounty indoors. Happy planting!