Growing Peppers Indoors – Guidelines & Tips
Growing peppers indoors can be a rewarding experience for those who want to be self-sufficient. Whether you live in an apartment, house, trailer, or even dorm, peppers can be grown in a variety of containers, and no matter what, the peppers will always be around to add some amazing flavor to your cooking. Here are some guidelines and tips for growing peppers indoors.
Step 1: Choose The Right Container
The first step in growing peppers indoors is to select the right container for your pepper plants. Containers that are at least 12 inches wide and 18 inches deep are ideal for most pepper varieties. Plastic or terra-cotta containers are two of the most popular choices for growing peppers inside. If using plastic containers, make sure to add holes in the bottom, as well as a layer of rocks for added drainage.
Step 2: Select The Right Soil & Fertilizer
To ensure your peppers have the best chance to mature and produce fruit, the soil used must be well-drained and nutrient-rich. A mixture of equal parts compost, potting mix, and perlite is the best type of soil for growing most types of peppers indoors. You will also need to apply fertilizer every two weeks throughout the growing season for optimal yields.
Step 3: Provide Adequate Lighting & Ventilation
To ensure healthy growth, peppers should receive at least 8 hours of direct sunlight each day. If keeping your containers in a sunny location isn’t possible, it is recommended to use a grow light to supplement natural light. As for ventilation, peppers need plenty of fresh air to be able to withstand pests and disease, so having a window or two open for cross ventilation is important.
Step 4: Monitor Temperature & Moisture Levels
It is important to monitor the temperature and moisture levels of pepper plants on a daily basis. Most pepper varieties do best when temperatures remain between 70-90°F (21-32°C). As for moisture, peppers should never be allowed to dry out, so make sure to water the plants regularly. It is also important to always use tepid water, as cold water can shock the plants.
Step 5: Harvest & Enjoy!
When your peppers have reached maturity, it is time to harvest them and enjoy their amazing flavors. Most hot pepper varieties typically take up to 70 days to mature, while sweet peppers can take up to 175 days. Make sure to harvest the peppers when they have reached the desired size and color. Once harvested, peppers can be eaten fresh or cooked. Enjoy!