Growing Peppers Indoors – Guidelines & Tips
If you’re looking for a way to grow your own vegetables indoors, consider trying your hand at growing peppers. Not only do they yield a great harvest that can be easily used to make a variety of delicious dishes, but peppers are relatively easy to grow indoors with just a few simple guidelines and tips.
What You’ll Need
To get started, you’ll need some basic supplies:
- Pots or containers
- Potting soil
- Pepper seeds or transplants
Choose the Right Containers
The containers you use to grow your peppers should be lightweight and well-draining. Clay or terracotta pots work well, as do 5-gallon plastic buckets, depending on what size of pepper plants you’re looking to grow. If you’re growing peppers in smaller containers, choose ones with at least 8-10 inches in diameter.
Use Quality Potting Soil
Using the correct soil is an important factor in your success when growing peppers indoors. Look for quality potting soil that is lightweight and well-draining. Avoid fertilizers with high levels of nitrogen, as this can be detrimental to pepper plants.
Picking Pepper Varieties
When choosing the type of peppers you’d like to grow indoors, opt for varieties that are considered “dwarf” or “mini” peppers. These are generally much smaller than regular peppers, and they’re suited for smaller containers. Popular varieties include the “Sweet Sunshine” pepper, which is a sweet-tasting mini pepper, and the “Jalapeno M”, which is a milder, compact version of the spicy classic.
Peppers need plenty of sunlight to thrive. If you’re growing them indoors, place your plants near the brightest window you have. If possible, rotate your plants every day or so to ensure that they’re getting full exposure to the sun’s rays. You may also opt to buy grow lights, which can be hung directly above the plants to provide them with the light they need.
Peppers require plenty of water to stay healthy. Keep in mind that peppers have shallow root systems, so you don’t need to water too frequently. Typically, peppers should be watered with 1-2 cups of water every 3-4 days. If the soil feels dry on your finger, water the plants.
When harvesting, be sure to use sharp, clean scissors or a knife. Don’t try to pull the peppers off the plant, as this can damage the plant and reduce the yield. Once picked, store peppers in a cool, dry place. If needed, you can also freeze peppers to store them for longer periods of time.
Growing peppers indoors is a rewarding and delicious endeavor. With the right supplies, proper light, and regular watering, you can easily manage a great pepper harvest in the comfort of your own home.