Growing Peppers Indoors – Guidelines & Tips
Peppers can be a great choice for an indoor garden. This versatile vegetable – from bell and banana peppers to chilies and jalapenos – can be enjoyable for both amateur and experienced gardeners alike. It’s a relatively simple process to create a healthy and productive indoor pepper garden. Here are some guidelines and tips to successfully grow peppers indoors.
Choosing a Pepper Plant
When choosing a pepper plant for your indoor garden, consider the size of the plant and the type of pepper. Smaller pepper varieties are better suited for smaller spaces indoors, while full-sized bell peppers do better in larger spaces. Additionally, some pepper varieties are better suited than others to an indoor environment. “Super Chili,” “NuMex Joe Parker,” “Cayenna-Long Slim,” and “Anaheim” are a few of the many pepper varieties that tend to do well when grown indoors.
Preparing the Soil
In general, most pepper plants do best in soil that is well-draining. Avoid using soils that contain a lot of clay, as this can cause poor drainage and even waterlogging. Instead, use soil that contains ingredients such as peat, perlite and vermiculite. Additionally, make sure to amend the soil with plenty of organic matter such as compost or manure.
Light & Temperature Requirements
Pepper plants need plenty of light to properly grow and produce fruit. Shoot for at least 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight indoors. If natural sunlight is not available, you can use LED grow lights or other artificial light sources. Peppers can also thrive in many household temperatures, typically between 65 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit. However, temperatures over 90 degrees can cause the fruit to ripen prematurely.
Watering & Fertilizing
Consistent watering is important to ensure the plants don’t dry out and become stunted. Be sure to also check the potting soil often, as container grown pepper plants should never be left to sit in water. As for fertilizing, peppers can benefit from a balanced 10-10-10 fertilizer. Generally speaking, you should fertilize your pepper plants once every two weeks during the peak growing period.
Harvesting the Peppers
Finally, harvesting peppers will vary depending on the individual pepper plant variety. Generally, with the right environment and care, peppers will be ready for harvest within two months. Pickspeppers can be eaten fresh or cooked after harvesting, or simply stored away for future use.
With the right preparation, attention and care, growing peppers indoors can be a rewarding experience. By following these guidelines and tips, you can enjoy a successful and delicious pepper harvest throughout the entire year!