Growing Peppers Indoors – Guidelines & Tips
Growing peppers indoors can be a rewarding and enjoyable experience for gardeners of all experience levels. Whether you’re looking to grow a bounty of jalapeños or just want a few cherry peppers for a savory recipe, peppers are an ideal indoor crop. Here are a few tips and guidelines for growing peppers indoors.
Select the Right Pepper Type
The type of pepper you choose to grow indoors will depend largely on your climate. Bell peppers and chilies do best in a warm, humid environment, while hot peppers require lower temperatures and drier air. If you live in a hot climate, select your pepper variety accordingly.
Provide Adequate Lighting
Peppers need strong, direct light in order to thrive. Place your pepper plants by a south-facing window that receives at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight per day. If your windows don’t provide enough light, consider investing in a grow light to supplement your indoor garden.
Maintain Proper Humidity
Peppers prefer a humid environment, and dry air can cause peppers to suffer from disease and wilting. To maintain proper humidity for your peppers, place a humidifier near the plants or mist the leaves twice daily.
Regular watering is vital for your pepper plants’ health. Water your peppers when the top inch or two of soil is dry, and always check the moisture levels on the surface before watering. Overwatering can lead to common diseases such as root rot, so be careful to only water when necessary.
Peppers are heavy feeders, and they will benefit from an occasional feeding of fertilizer. Choose a balanced fertilizer such as 10-10-10 and apply it according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Your peppers should also be given a dose of magnesium, which aids in pepper production.
Harvest Peppers When Ready
Harvest peppers when they reach their desired maturity. Hot peppers tend to be ready for harvesting 3-4 months after planting, while bell peppers can take up to 6 months to reach full maturity. Once the peppers reach the desired size and color, cut them off the plant using scissors or pruners.
Growing peppers indoors can be a rewarding and enjoyable experience. By following these guidelines and tips, you’ll be well on your way to enjoying a bounty of homegrown peppers.