Growing Peppers Indoors – Guidelines & Tips
Peppers are a popular addition to many dishes and are a flavorful way to spice up any meal. Growing peppers indoors can be challenging, but with the right environment and attention, you can be successful. This article will provide some guidelines and tips to ensure your pepper plants have the best chances for success.
Selecting Peppers for Growing Indoors
When selecting peppers for growing indoors, the main guideline to follow is to pick small-fruited varieties since they are less likely to require a trellis or stake because of their size. Popular compact pepper varieties include ‘Cayenne’, ‘Poblano’, ‘Serrano’, and ‘Jalapeño’. Additionally, selecting a variety that is heat tolerant will help your plants through the hot summer months.
Containers & Soil
- Select containers that have good drainage holes at the bottom so that the soil is not soggy or waterlogged. The depth should also be adequate for the size of your peppers, typically about 12 inches.
- Using a potting soil mix that is appropriate for vegetables is best. Avoid wooden boxes and clay pots because they may not provide good drainage.
- Consider adding a small amount of compost and fertilizer to the soil along with some organic material (e.g. straw, leaves) to help improve water retention and soil fertility.
- Provide your pepper plants with at least 8 hours of bright, indirect sunlight for the best growth.
- To increase the amount of light received, you can grow the pepper plants in an unshaded south-facing window or use artificial lights.
- Remember that the pot size affects the level of light exposure, so make sure the container is large and not overcrowded.
Watering & Maintenance
- Maintain a consistent level of moisture in the soil by watering plants when the soil has dried out. Avoid over or under-watering.
- Provide supplemental feeding every two weeks with a liquid fertilizer to ensure they are getting the proper nutrients.
- Perform regular maintenance tasks such as pruning, pest control, and cleaning the leaves of the plants.
By following the above guidelines and tips, you should be able to successfully grow peppers indoors and reap the flavorful reward of homegrown pepper plants!